Diet for pancreatitis

Cooking vegetables for pancreatitis

Pancreatitis (inflammation of the pancreas) is a disease characterized by severe pain syndrome that brings severe suffering to the patient. In addition to noticeable pain, the body also experiences unpleasant changes that are associated with dysfunction of the pancreas and often lead to obesity. The thing is, the enzymes secreted by the pancreas, in their normal state, help digest and absorb proteins, fats and carbohydrates in the intestines that are ingested with food, and their hormones regulate blood sugar levels. Disturbances in the work of the pancreas lead to hyperactivation of enzymes, which suddenly become aggressive towards the environment and begin destructive actions.

Pancreatitis is a disease that always occurs unexpectedly: the first attack occurs the moment the pancreas begins to attack its own enzymes. Acute manifestations of the disease are eliminated quickly enough, but there is always a risk of a later sluggish course of the disease and the diagnosis of chronic pancreatitis.

The main thing in the treatment of pancreatitis is diet.

The most basic condition in treating a disease like pancreatitis is mandatory diet. The first time after an acute attack (2-3 days), it is recommended to refuse to eat completely and starve to death. It should be noted here that the body usually "knows" itself that it should wait to eat and therefore a patient with acute pancreatitis rarely has an appetite.

The hunger of several days is simply necessary for the affected pancreas to be at rest - while eating, it releases enzymes into this organ that are necessary for the digestion of the food that has reached the stomach, but the same enzymes behave aggressively and cause inflammationand cause pain. This situation can be compared, for example, to a broken leg: in order for the bones and tissues of the injured leg to heal, complete rest is given with the help of a cast, while it is forbidden to step on it. Only warm alkaline mineral water without gases is allowed.

The prerequisite for the onset of a stable remission is the state of complete pancreas rest in the relapse and at least relatively in the chronic form. Therefore, in pancreatitis, diet is not only an effective therapeutic method, but also the main rule of preventing exacerbations of the disease, and therefore inhibiting its further development.

Features of the diet in pancreatitis (table number 5)

The diet for pancreatitis as such begins no earlier than the fourth day (before that only complete hunger). According to the generally accepted classification of diets used in medical institutions, nutrition for pancreatitis is diet number 5. Food should be taken in small portions 5-6 times a day, excluding snacks between main meals.

The essence of the diet is the rejection of all foods that increase acid formation in the stomach and provoke the active work of pancreatic enzymes. After the disease has worsened, doctors strongly recommend following a diet for a long time - at least 8 months. However, this does not mean that after "tormenting" those months with a fairly tough diet, one should break down on the ninth and fully compensate for the lost opportunities.

Diet for chronic pancreatitis is a certain nutritional culture that goes into the patient's life for a long time. Of course, it is sometimes very difficult to avoid many prohibited foods and favorite dishes, but the memories of excruciating stomach aches help you eat right and not succumb to temptation. Because even a small portion of a harmful product can lead to an acute attack that has to be removed in a hospital.

A patient with pancreatitis should eat meals prepared according to the principle of "mechanical sparing" of the digestive organs: it is preferable to cook the food stewed or, in extreme cases, to use it in pureed or chopped form. Roasting, grilling, smoking, and grinding is not permitted. Fats that have undergone heat treatment are also harmful to the pancreas, so all types of oils - both butter and plants - should be added cold to ready-made meals.

You can eat:

  • Vegetables (boiled, stewed, or stewed);
  • from soups: only vegetables (do not use onions, garlic and white cabbage) or dairy products with cereals, with chronic form and without exacerbation, soups with secondary meat broth are allowed;
  • lean meat, poultry, or fish (cooked or steamed);
  • cooked pasta or vermicelli;
  • Porridge (milk or boiled in water), except millet;
  • Omelette, cottage cheese casseroles (steam);
  • dry cookies, jam, cookies, marshmallows, marshmallows (in limited quantities - no more than two or three pieces per day);
  • acid-free dairy products, mild cheese;
  • Yesterday's wheat bread;
  • Jam or honey (in limited quantities - one or two tablespoons a day);
  • from fruits: baked and pureed sweet apples;
  • from drinks: compote, jelly, weak tea.

Products the consumption of which is prohibited in any form:

  • fatty meat broths;
  • all sour, spicy and fatty foods;
  • Offal (sausage, sausage, sausage, etc. ), smoked meat
  • Canned food and pickles;
  • fatty fish (catfish, halibut, salmon, carp, mullet), caviar;
  • Yogurt, glazed curd and fatty sour cream;
  • Lamb and pork fat;
  • Rye bread, fresh biscuits, pastries, cakes, caramel, hard candies, chocolates and chocolates;
  • from drinks: coffee, strong tea, cocoa, carbonated drinks, kvass;
  • from fruits: citrus and sour;
  • from vegetables: beet, radish, spinach, radish, sorrel.

In addition, you need to forget about the following products forever:

  • all alcoholic beverages including low alcohol cocktails;
  • about hot spices and spices;
  • French fries, cheeseburgers, hot dogs, and similar foods;
  • about chips, crackers, nuts and the like.

Delicious recipes for pancreatitis

Steamed meat pudding

You will need:

  • 120 grams of beef;
  • 20 grams of butter;
  • 10 g semolina;
  • 1/3 cup of water
  • Egg.

Boil the meat, previously cleaned of tendons and fat, chop it several times, and then combine with semolina, add whipped protein and raw egg yolks to the resulting mixture. After that, you should carefully knead the "dough", put in a greased form, smooth the top and steam the resulting pudding until cooked through.

Snowballs with fruit sauce

You will need:

  • half an egg white;
  • 25 grams of sugar;
  • 50 g strawberries;
  • 10 g of potato flour;
  • 100 g of water;
  • a pinch of vanillin.

The protein must be whipped into a thick foam and gradually, without stopping whipping, add vanillin and 15 g of sugar. Then, spoon the whipped protein into a deep bowl of boiling water. After a few minutes, turn the snowballs over, close the lid and let stand for a while (5-6 minutes), then take them out, put them on a sieve and let the water drain off. Pour the resulting snowballs with a sauce of strawberries, potato flour and sugar (10 g).

banana cake

You will need:

  • 2 bananas, 1-2 peaches;
  • 0. 5 L sugar-free low-fat yogurt;
  • Cracker;
  • 1 glass of water;
  • 2 packs of gelatin.

Dissolve the gelatine in a glass of hot water and let it cool down a little. Then add the yoghurt to the gelatin and stir carefully. Put a plastic bag or foil on the bottom of a mold or a regular pot or bowl. Layer our cake: a layer of biscuits, a layer of yogurt and gelatin cream, a layer of bananas, a layer of cream, a layer of biscuits, a layer of cream, a layer of peaches, a layer of cream. Decorate the top with slices of banana. Then leave the resulting cake in the refrigerator for a while - to harden.

Casserole with pasta

You will need:

  • 30 g vermicelli;
  • 30 grams of milk;
  • 7 grams of sugar;
  • 35 g of cottage cheese;
  • 1/4 of an egg.

Cook the pasta in salted water until soft, throw on a sieve and cool. Then add the grated cottage cheese, the egg beaten in milk, the sugar to the chilled noodles and mix carefully. Grease the form with butter, pour in the mixture and bake in the oven, making sure that there is no brown crust on top. If suddenly the moment is "missed", remove the crust of the casserole with a sharp knife.

Fish dumplings

You will need:

  • 300 g of lean fish fillet;
  • 1/4 part of a stale loaf;
  • half a glass of milk;
  • Proteins from 2 eggs.

Chop the fish and loaf, add milk, mix thoroughly. Then add the beaten egg whites and mix again. Cook the dumplings in salted boiling water.

Quark soufflé

You will need:

  • 300 g of cottage cheese;
  • 300 g of sweet apples;
  • 4 eggs;
  • 80 grams of sugar;
  • 50 g semolina;
  • 40 grams of butter;
  • Vanillin;
  • optional raisins.

Grate apples and mix with cottage cheese. Melt the butter, let it cool and beat with sugar and egg yolks. Combine two masses into one, mix well. Then add vanillin, some raisins. Beat the egg whites into a thick foam and add to the total mixture. Grease the form with butter, put on the resulting mass and sprinkle with ground breadcrumbs. Put in the preheated oven and bake at 180 degrees for 25-30 minutes.

vegetable stew

You will need:

  • 5 pieces. Potatoes;
  • the same amount of pumpkin (by volume);
  • 1 carrot;
  • 1 onion;
  • 2 TBSP. Tablespoon of vegetable oil;
  • Dill or parsley.

Dice the potatoes and pumpkin. Chop the carrots and onions. Put all the vegetables in a saucepan: the first layer consists of onions, then again potatoes, pumpkin and carrots. Salt a little, add water to about half the volume and cook over low heat. Then at the very end add vegetable oil and herbs, bring to the boil, switch off and let stand for a while.

Pikeperch in foil

You will need:

  • 600 g pikeperch fillet;
  • 1 carrot;
  • 1 onion;
  • 1 TBSP. a spoon of butter;
  • 2 TBSP. Tablespoons of lemon juice, herbs.

Cut the fillets into portions, add a little salt and place each piece on a separate sheet. Grate the carrots on a fine grater, finely chop the onion, drizzle with lemon juice. Put a small piece of butter (0. 5 teaspoons), chopped carrots, and onions on the fish. Wrap the edges of the foil so that the top does not touch the onion, place the bags on a baking sheet and put them in a hot oven (180-200 degrees) for 30 minutes. Sprinkle the finished fish with herbs.